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About Tore Technology and Elastic Engineering

TT&EE™ is based on the principle of the most stable motion in nature – toroidal motion. The toroidal motion is observed in a number of phenomena occurring in natures such as the Gadlay’s cell, representing the atmospheric circulation system on Mars and the Earth, the sea and ocean currents circulation system on the Earth, Hill’s vortex, Benar’s cells and Kuette’s flow, the peristalsis process and the locomotion mechanism of invertebrates (snakes), the magnetic force field structure, mechanics of the galaxies, small comets and ball lightning, tornado, water spout, cyclone and etc.
These natural shell constructions have the following features in common:
• Various combinations of interacting closed surfaces with different topological characteristics. For example, a thin elastic toroidal shells, pressurized with gaseous fluid.
• The electronic system embedded in the structure of the shell “material”. The shell is comprised of sensors and execution mechanisms, information and power channels, data processing centers;
• The integrated design of the electro-mechanical system provides optimum life support to natural elastic phenomena by consuming less energy and acting in balance (in terms of energy exchange) with the environment.

TT&EE™ is a science of applying the natural phenomena to the man-made elastic machines and mechanisms. First references to innovations related to elastic toroids appeared in the U.S. in 1963 and 1968. All other fundamental inventions in the area of cylinder and conical elastic toroids were made by R.Z. Kozhevnikov, a Russian inventor and Dr. Shikhirin’s mentor, from 1969 to 1984. These inventions included the use of toroids for transportation vehicles. All further inventions, based on elastic toroids and kinematically related construction elements, used the above-mentioned inventions as prototypes or equivalent models. The majority of related information materials were published in the former USSR between 1974 and 1984.
The TT&EE™ innovations were not given subsequent advancement in the 70’s and 80’s due to the underdevelopment or shortage of:
• Elastomer materials suitable for the construction of toroids. At that time, only rubber-fabric materials were produced in big volumes but they were not fit for application in tore-based machines and mechanisms because of low reliability, heavy weight, high particle count, etc;
• Radio electronic elements, modules and blocks fabricated with thin- or thick-film technologies;
• Textiles of suitable structures;
• Smart materials;
• Computerization and Information Technologies.

Since 1991, Dr. Shikhirin has conducted comprehensive research and development activities of TT&EE™ and became a world leader in the TT&EE™ field. The first conceptual articles on the elastic mechanics and its design base were published by Dr. Shikhirin in 1999. A classification system and methods of the elastic toroid testing were developed, along with the specifications for thin elastic soft toroid shell materials, working-fluid medium and the means of producing it. In addition, the following investigations have been conducted:
• Design and manufacturing options for smart textile materials.
• Design and manufacturing options of elastomer coatings (elastomers, thermoplastics, polymeric films), composite materials (compounds), rubber-fabric-film composites in terms of its suitability for driving and its smart, protective and self-sealing functions.
• Potential technologies for fabrication of toroidal shells (hot-pressing, cutting, gluing, stitching, etc.)

In 1995 – 1998 Dr. Shikhirin carried out comprehensive research work targeted at development of TT&EE™ vehicle, including the means for transportation of large and heavy loads (more 500 metric ton) over the rough terrains, in extreme ecological conditions with ability of loading and unloading. The results obtained during studies of different functionality of the first (peripheral part) and the second (central part) surfaces of the elastic toroid were published by Dr. Shikhirin in 2001. The studies were followed by subsequent tests on some working models.

In August 30, 2001, Dr. Shikhirin immigrated to the USA as an “alien of extraordinary ability” (mathematical/computer scientist) and has continued studies and developments of machines and mechanisms that have a multi-component (multi-cavity, multi-chamber) toroid including two or more cavities as the basic construction. With a status of a permanent resident of the US and owner of technology, Dr. Shikhirin founded the Elastoneering, Inc in November 2002. The mission of the company is to develop and commercialize the TT&EE™ applications that empower traditional mechanical engineering to offer more efficient solutions for technical problems.

Dr. Shikhirin plans on applying for a patent for the toroidal technologies and applications in July 2005.

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